Based on the premise that the true Home of the Groove, at least on the North American landmass, is the irreplaceable musical and cultural nexus, New Orleans, Louisiana, this audioblog features rare, hard to find, often forgotten, vintage New Orleans-related R&B and funk records with commentary. Some general knowledge of N.O. music is helpful here, but not required to get your groove on. Hear the affiliated webcast at HOTG Internet Radio.
Former resident of Memphis, TN, where I did a volunteer weekly radio show called "New Orleans: Under the Influence" from 1988 to 2004 on WEVL 89.9 FM. I've been collecting this kind of music (& others) much longer.
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QUOTES OF NOTE:
"New Orleans is of such key importance to American music because historical factors combined to make it the strongest center of
African musical practice in the United States, and, cliches aside, that practice really did travel up the Mississippi and did
spread overland." - Ned Sublette, from Cuba And Its Music
"I heard a group called Huey Smith & the Clowns, out of New Orleans. Now this is where funk was really created! That's where funk originated....
I couldn't understand how to do it, so this drummer from Huey Smith's band [Hungry Williams] showed me how to play [it]." - Clayton Fillyau,
drummer for Etta James and James Brown, on the origins of the 'James Brown Beat', in The Great Drummers Of R&B, Funk & Soul, interviewed by Jim Payne.
"A lot of those New Orleans drummers would come through, and I got a lot of stuff from those guys....Tenoo [Coleman] was...as funky as any of them.....
I learned some of that funk by listening to Tenoo." - John 'Jabo'Starks, drummer for Bobby Bland and James Brown, to Jim Payne as above.
"At the risk of sounding egotistical, a lot of the broken up stuff that these guys are playing now stems from the stuff that I had started doing." -
Earl Palmer, on his early days drumming with Dave Bartholomew's band, to Jim Payne, as above.
"With funk, it's almost more what you don't play than what you do play. I like those long silences between riffs,
I like the empty spaces. Those empty spaces, when you stop and let the groove wash all over you, make the
difference between fake funk and real funk." -Art Neville in The Brothers Neville
"Thank the good Lord for the funk musicians." -Jon Cleary ("Pin Your Spin")
"Without New Orleans, there would be no America." -Keith Frazier, Rebirth Brass Band, 2005.
"....don't be fooled. This city is deeply wounded. I'd say it's like an amputee
with phantom memory." -David Freedman, WWOZ, post-Katrina.
"If there was no New Orleans, America would just be a bunch of free people dying of boredom."
-Judy Deck, in an e-mail to Chris Rose at the Times-Picayune
"I'm not finished!" - Wardell Quezergue's final comment of the night after accepting the 2008 Best of the Beat
Lifetime Achievement In Music Award from Offbeat
"I discovered New Orleans along the way, and that made a big difference - It loosened me up." - Richie Hayward, the late drummer for Little Feat.
I was recently interviewed about New Orleans guitarists and other revealing topics for theJemsite Blog. It's up now. There are other recent talks with Red Kelly and Larry Grogan, guys who should be familiar to readers here. Check 'em out.
Also, I'll be telling you more about this in a few weeks; but I was interviewed in New Orleans a few weeks ago for the podcast of a new NPR show. For some reason, they seem to still want to use it - so it should be available some time in January. I'll let you know.
The song titles of my year-end post, pretty much sum up how I am feeling at the moment. I've picked two Meters tunes from opposite ends of their initial tenure together. There's no fa-la-la-la-la going on. Though I am off work for two weeks, relaxation has not quite set in, as try to get things long put off done in anticipation of visiting family and friends near and far. I'm giving it what I can, hoping it gets better. May you enjoy the holidays to the max. My best wishes for 2010. Join me back here next month for more HOTG explorations. . . .
"Hey! Last Minute" (Nocentelli-Porter-Neville-Modeliste) The Meters, Josie 1018, 1970 tune in to HOTG Internet Radio
This wonderfully off-kilter little number was the B-side of the wacky "Chicken Strut", and seems to be a simulation of my nervous system today, when everything has been last minute. 'Zigaboo' Modeliste's remarkable broken-field drumming make the tune a keeper.
This was the Meter's sixth single for Josie as a group and was released just prior to Willie West's"Fairchild", which had their backing and Allen Toussaint's arranging. It's likely the Meters' session went down in Macon, GA, at the new Capricorn studio, although producers Allen Toussaint and Mashall Sehorn also used an Atlanta facility around this time, as the studio situation in New Orleans was at loose ends. In a few years, they would build their own and put it to good use.
"Give It What You Can" (S. Cropper-C. Marsh-J. Tarbutton) The Meters, from New Directions, 1977 tune in to HOTG Internet Radio From their final LP, "Give It What You Can" was written bySteve Cropper, Carl Marsh, and Jimmy Tarbutton, who worked out of Cropper's Trans Maximus Studios in Memphis in the 1970s. It was located in my old Midtown neighborhood back then; and, earlier, when I was in high school, Jimmy Tarbutton used to hang out at the same record store as I did. Anyway, their song first appeared on an LP Cropper produced for Sam & Dave in 1974,Back At 'Cha, which had HOTG connections I've discussed previously. With its funk/rock elements, the song was an interesting choice for the Meters to cover and they did a good job with it, though it's unlikely you'll ever see them do it on any reunion shows (if there ever are any more).
The Meters made New Directions while breaking up. It definitely sounded different than the earlier albums Allen Toussaint produced for the band; and that was a new direction, alright. Unfortunately, the band was headed in another: over the cliff. Instead of Toussaint, Warner Brothers gave the production job to another very accomplished record maker, David Rubinson, who cut the tracks out in his home turf of San Francisco and enlisted the Tower of Power horn section for the sessions. If the band could have gotten along, something truly great might have come of this that could have propelled them up to the commercial higher heights. But the internal acrimony did them in soon after the album's release, giving its title and the subject matter of this song an ironic twist. Overall, it was certainly not a bad record, though some think it sounds too over-produced. Judge for yourself.
Singing was Cyril Neville, Art's brother, who had been an on-again-off-again unofficial member of the band as percussionist and occasional vocalist for years by this point, and was finally doing the majority of the leads. After the split, he and his brother joined with their other two talented siblings to form the Neville Brothers in 1978, a band that endures to this day. But, when the Meters re-formed over the past decade to do a few lucrative engagements, Cyril seems not to have been invited.
Since the song's about going up against the negativity and general precarious state of the world (nothing's changed in the last 30 years but the players), it seemed like a good choice as we look toward a new decade. Hope springs eternal that we can figure out how to do the right thing and somehow perform the miraculous feat of quagmire self-extrication on many fronts. Then again, that may be too heavy a message for a groove merely meant to loose some New Year's booty. Oh, well, all you can do is give it what you can and hope for the best, on the dance floor and beyond.
Sad news. In the comments to the post on Mr. Skipper's fantastic and obscure Mardi Gras record, "Shotgun Joe", a reader let us know of his death last week. I just saw a notice by Ben Berman atOffbeat, that the services are today with a second line to follow; and the piece provides a few other details (including a link to my words on the record) about this fine cultural contributor, who was not well known to the world at large, or even in his own hometown, I'd guess. I'm glad I got a chance to at least give him some HOTG propers, however humble, while he was still around.
PS - . . . and thanks to Ben for the kind words about da blog.
Back in September, we got to catchJon Cleary's new band, Piano, Bass & Drums, at Tipitina's Uptown in New Orleans. I guess, after calling his previous group the Absolute Monster Gentlemen, Jon was looking for something a bit less hyperbolic in a name. Despite the generic branding, his impressive, re-configured group (absolutely monstrous in their own right) put on a memorable show. Joining Jon, who played a lot of acoustic piano that night, wereMatt Perrineon acoustic bass and tuba (the greatJames Singletonhas played acoustic bass on some later gigs), and drummer extraordinaire, Doug Belote, with an extra-special guest sitting in, blowing hot saxophone all night, the cool and classyJames Rivers.
I hadn't seen Mr. Rivers play since a split gig he did at the Rock 'n' Bowl some years back, which, as I recall, was marred by a bad sound system (and/or operator thereof); so it was a sweet pleasure to hear him in this much more favorable context, complementing and accentuating Cleary's always funky, soulful sounds. As I listened, it occurred to me that I had some cuts by Rivers that I had been meaning to post for a long time; and I actually remembered to dig them out of the archives, so we could celebrate the man and his music again while he is still very much with us.
I suppose featuring James Rivers right after I've put my seemingly endless Eddie Bo series on hiatus works into the great scheme of things, since Rivers did a lot of session work for Bo in the Seven B days of 1966 - 1967, although that's not a connection we'll explore right now. But we will see and hear a single by the reed man from around that same period. I'll follow that up with something from about a decade later that Rivers laid down for Senator Jones. For no special reason, these three tracks have "it" in the title.
The Kon-Ti Key
As I noted in some research I did for Soul Detective back in 2007, the Kon-Ti label was owned by Lionel Worthy, an auto repairman who had a recording studio set up in a building behind his business, which was located at 2823 Conti (some pronounce it "con-tee", some "con-tie") Street, in the Mid-City area of New Orleans. Worthy cut records there for his own labels as well as doing some projects for others, probably between 1967 and 1968. Besides Kon-Ti, he had also set up the Eight-Ball label earlier; and the two had a combined total output of around a dozen known singles in their brief run. As shown in my discography noted above, James Rivers did at least four singles** for Eight-Ball (you can hear sides from one of those at that Soul Detective link). According to the R&B Indies, Eight-Ball was distributed by Cosimo Matassa's Dover Records operation, which was shut down by the IRS around 1967/1968, as was his studio. That debacle likely took Eight-Ball under with it, as it did so many small local labels that relied on Cos' services. Kon-Ti probably also suffered collateral damage, as it looks like Rivers' first single, which we'll focus on here, also went through Dover before dropping from sight. Worthy seems to have attempted to get the few later singles for the label manufactured elsewhere; but that still would have left him with very limited options for getting his records promoted and out into the marketplace. The title of this first track neatly, and surely unintentionally, summed up the state of the record business in New Orleans at the time, reminding us that the reason the releases on these labels are so hard to find now is that they were hard to find 40 years ago!
"It's All Over" (James Rivers) James Rivers, Kon-Ti 1160, ca 1968 tune in to HOTG Internet Radio
A choice track that doesn't seem to has been comped. . .yet (more on that in a minute), this Rivers minor key original is one of the jazzier takes (that I have heard) he did for Worthy. The groove was definitely bossa nova influenced, and kudos to the unknown drummer for just the right touch of subtle syncopation he brought. As a matter of fact, what makes the entire piece effective is the understated way it was delivered, letting the beat and subdued, moody feel pull you in, perfectly setting up Rivers to rip into his fine solo. Then, after a short but effective piano interlude, the group lightly sambas to the fade. Usually, I find it hard to tolerate background vocalists on instrumentals; but I'll even give a nod to the singers who were tastefully used here.
You'll note on the labels that the tracks were arranged by Theo(dore) 'Teddy' Riley, a fine jazz trumpeter, who also played on the record, as I found out after being contacted over a year ago by a company looking to put this song on a compilation. Since it still hasn't been commercially re-released, as far as I can tell, I won't give away my source; but I did some research for them on it. In return, I learned that James Rivers told them that the line-up on the single, that he could recall, were Riley, bassist George French, and perhaps Marcel Richardson on piano - he wasn't sure. To me, the pianist here sounds more like Edward Frank, who had a particular sound in that he played only with his right hand, having lost the facility in his left due to a stroke years earlier. I know that the well-respected Frank, who also produced records, used Worthy's studio during this period - so he's a good candidate. Rivers also didn't remember the names of the singers, but said they were a trio - husband, wife and a friend - new to recording.
In all, this side is certainly among Rivers' best, and worthy of seeing the light of day again. The flip side was no slouch either, though it had a totally different feel.
"Get With It" (James Rivers) tune in to HOTG Internet Radio This one came out of the brass band, street parade tradition with its joyous, struttin' second line feel. A thoroughly New Orleans number. Rivers and Riley got fired up in a hurry, trading echo riffs and delivering strong solos. But, when it was time to give the pianist some, the instrument was almost lost in the mix. I can hear enough of it, though, to realize that it was a two-handed performance, ruling out Ed Frank and making me think it must be Richardson, at least on this one.
I got this single shortly after I moved to Louisiana, and, frankly, didn't pay it much mind, until I received that inquiry about it and listened again. Glad I did. It's an example of the kind of impressive stuff that could come out on small label releases, generally meant for just local consumption and hoped-for modest returns for the label owner. Such records were often used by the artists as a short-term means to get gigs, rather than seen as avenue to the commercial mainstream, which would have been a pure stroke of luck. Certainly, no one was considering that the music and records themselves would be prized by collectors many decades later, especially after many of these labels vanished as suddenly as they appeared with the demise of Cosimo's business model.
Yet, a few small label owners regrouped and endured, and some new ones formed, providing a continued outlet for local music and musicians. The 1970s would find Rivers recording for one of the survivors, a man who hustled and stayed in the game a long time.
The Senator Steps In
Once Allen Toussaint and his partner, Marxhall Sehorn, of Sansu Enterprises turned their main production focus away from singles and onto LPs for their own acts and assorted outsiders in the early 1970s, a gaping hole was left in the New Orleans singles market that a number of local labels were left to fill. Of those, Senator Jones, who had been running small, flash-in-the-pan record outfits in New Orleans since the mid-1960s, succeeded in gaining the majority of market share, operating the Superdome, Hep' Me and J.B.'s (a/k/a J-Bees) imprints, the latter two having the majority of his 1970s output, mainly singles, but a few albums as well. Before Toussaint and Sehorn built and opened Sea-Saint Studios around 1973, recording venue choices were limited in the Crescent City, since Cosimo's operation had been sold off to pay for back taxes in the late 1960s. Some work went to Knight Studio in Metairie and other small facilities in the area, but producers who could, including Jones and Sansu , went out of town. Senator Jones often used Deep South in Baton Rouge, until Sea-Saint came on line. From then on, the majority of his sessions were there, using the many great players in town who regularly hung around the premises seeking work.
Although he occasionally leased singles to nationally distributed labels and for a while had Johnny Adams signed to Chelsea Records, most of Jones' productions were just for the local market. He was shown as producer on the records, but that had more to do with his financial interest. He did not really oversee the recording phase himself, using leaders and arrangers such as Raymond 'Ray J' Jones, Wardell Quezergue or Sam Henry to run the sessions. On his instruction they would crank out backing tracks in a kind of assembly line operation with as few takes as possible to keep costs down; and various singers would come in and overdub their vocals later. Understandably, many of those records sounded rather sterile or musically generic, with only a few having the quirks, sparks, or outright fire of the records of earlier days, or what Toussiant was often cooking up in the same building. So, when Rivers began recording on J.B.'s in the mid-1970s, that was scene he came into.
Rivers had at least half a dozen singles issued on J.B.'s in the mid to late 1970s, and two LPs - (almost) all instrumental, mostly soul and funk. Over the years, I've acquired several of his singles from this period but didn't have either LP on vinyl* until I found a brand new re-issue of Thrill Me at Domino Sound in New Orleans last year (still available at Dusty Groove). I don't know who put it out, but it seems to be an exact replica of the original. Only the $10.00 (or less) price gave it away; and I was glad to find it, not just for the vinyl, but for the blurry front cover shot, which belongs in the borderline sleaze hall of fame; plus, the back has some bio information on Mr. Rivers, songwriting credit,s and miraculously lists the session players.
"Take It All" ( (Emmanuel Morris) James Rivers, from Thrill Me, J.B.'s Records 101, ca 1976 tune in to HOTG Internet Radio While most of the tunes on this album have that "Weather Channel" kind of generic, interchangeable, instrumental jazz/funk feel to them, they are still quite palatable and serve to get you movin ' to the groove. When I first heard it, "Take It All" reminded me of a tune I could not quite place. Finally it dawned on me that this song's main 16 bar set of changes with the descending chords in every other four bar section is very similar to Willie Tee's funky "Cold Bear", recorded by the Gaturs in 1971. It's not the only recycled riff on the album, either. The credited arranger and songwriter for half of the tracks, Emmanuel Morris, who also played bass throughout, was obviously also inspired on other tunes by licks from popular funk hits of the era by the Average White Band and the Cate Brothers. Of course, Rivers was just the main hired gun here, and didn't control the content, although he acknowledged to Jeff Hannusch that all the musicians collaborated on the "head charts" for these tunes, no matter who got the actual arranging credit. But his main job was to blow; and here he did so on alto sax with fluidity and style.
Looking over the listed musicians, there was really only one surprise:Wilbert Arnold(later known as 'The Junkyard Dog', who passed away just about a year ago) on drums, who must have been around 20 when he made this date. As far as I know, he was not a regular at Sea-Saint and had probably just joined Walter 'Wolfman' Washington's band at the time. However he got here, he's in excellent form on this record; and I particularly recommend another LP track, "Balls of Funk" (no foolin'), for his really broken-up stuff. Musically, that track is not quite as engaging as "Take It All", but is a rhythmic killer. I'll be adding it to the HOTG Radio stream soon. Besides Morris on bass,Teddy Royalplayed all guitar parts. Those of you who follow the posts here will recall that my friend, Teddy, was a regular at Sea-Saint in those days and played many Senator Jones sessions, as well as some of Toussaint's projects. Finally, Raymond Jones was on keyboards and got the arranger credit for the other material - no relation the Senator, I don't think, but his right-hand man.
A few years later, Rivers recorded another album for J.B.'s, Olé, which had some even more generic WC soul/funk stylings, some standards, and even an ill-advised blues with vocal. Those something-for-everybody records rarely work out. There may have been a 45 or two after that, but I don't have the dates or the records. As I pointed out in my 2006 post (linked above) on one of his J.B.'s singles, some of his best stuff came later, when he was a regular at Tyler's Beer Garden in the 1980s, playing with some fine young jazz guns, and recording The Dallas Sessions LP with them in 1985.
Despite the funky grooves I favor, I keep going back to the tracks on Kon-Ti 1160. There's something pure and genuine about those performances, revealing James Rivers in his element, it seems to me. I get the same vibe from him there that I got when he was with Cleary - very hip, tasteful, in control, and on top of his game. So glad he's still with us.
* [Both of Rivers' J.B.'s albums are compiled on the Mardi Gras Records CD, Best of New Orleans Rhythm & Blues Volume Three: James Rivers. Also, I just checked, and tracks from that CD are available for download at iTunes.] **Thanks again to Peter for letting me know of the existence of Eight-Ball 2555, which is not shown in The R&B Indies.